The S&P Sectors Overview and Description of the 11 Sectors

For smaller investors seeking to create a diversified portfolio, they can easily do by investing in an index exchange-traded fund . However, if an investor is only interested in investing in, for example, technology or energy-based businesses, they can, of course, confine their investing to only the sectors they are interested in. The utilities sector includes companies that provide customers with utility services, such as water, electric, and gas.

Find out how many sectors there are in the stock market and what’s important for investors to know about each of them. The health care sector consists of drug companies, medical supply companies, and other scientific-based operations that are concerned with improving and healing human life. Examples of health care stocks include Johnson & profiting in bear and bull markets Johnson, Gilead, and Pfizer. Looking at sectors and industries helps you become familiar with how businesses interact with one another. For example, if you believe energy prices are going to decline, you might find transportation stocks appealing because you believe one of the biggest cost inputs—gasoline and jet fuel—is about to plummet.

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  • There are 11 sectors, 24 industry groups, 69 industries, and 158 sub-industries.
  • GICS was developed in 1999 by MSCI and Standard & Poor’s, two giants in the financial industry.
  • The communication services sector tends to follow the general market.
  • Even if the economy is weak we’ll be buying food and beverages.

In general, these companies generate recurring revenue from consumers, but some subsets of the industry are facing rapid change. More than 200 guests representing shareholders, investors, strategic partners, and media participants joined our founders Charles Li and Gary Zhang in celebrating this major company milestone. A sector represents one part of the stock market and every sector has things that make it unique. As part of your investment research, consider how one sector may play off another and how that might translate to returns. If you’re investing in sector funds or ETFs, pay attention to the expense ratio for each fund and balance that against earnings potential.

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After starting her college career studying accounting and business, Amber decided to focus on her love of writing. Now she’s able to bring that experience to Investment U readers by providing in-depth research on IPO and investing opportunities. With the rise of technology, it’s no surprise the tech sector is one of the leading performers.

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  • As the name suggests, the newest addition to the S&P sectors includes Real Estate Investment Trusts , as well as realtors and other companies.
  • JPMorgan Chase, Goldman Sachs, and Bank of America are all examples of financial stocks.
  • Major materials stocks include Dow, Dupont, Ecolab, and International Paper.

Market capitalization means the total market value of all of a company’s outstanding shares of stock. With stock market sectors, market capitalization is measured as the total value of all of the companies across each industry included in a particular sector. The industrials sector includes companies across a wide range of different goods and services. Included in the industrials sector are aerospace and defense, construction, engineering, electrical equipment, machinery, commercial supplies, transportation, infrastructure, and some professional services. The energy sector is made up of companies that work in energy sources, equipment, and services.

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Oil prices have a strong bearing on the performance of Energy companies, although different companies are affected differently. Producers of oil perform strongly during periods while its price is high, but oil refiners benefit when oil prices are lower. The amount of volatility in oil prices may make energy stocks attractive to speculators.

11 sectors of the stock market

Demand for fossil fuels has fallen in recent years thanks to growing demand for renewables and the impact of the coronavirus pandemic. While renewable forms of electricity consumption are included in the Utilities sector, Energy encompasses all other forms of energy production — specifically, oil, natural gas, and coal. The sector doesn’t include producers of traditional fossil fuels, like oil and gas companies. Many Utilities companies are specialised according to geography and/or the type of utility provided (e.g. Duke Energy in the Southeast US, or Canadian Solar).

The utilities sector encompasses just about every different type of utility company you can think of. Within the sector, you’ll find utilities specializing in making electrical power available to residential and commercial customers, as well as specialists in natural gas transmission and distribution. Other utilities are responsible for delivering water to customers.

Companies specialising in areas like cloud computing, data analytics and machine learning/artificial intelligence will generally be categorised as Software & Services companies. Information Technology, or IT, is the sector concerned with the creation and distribution of technologies related to data and other forms of information. Information Technology includes many large, established companies but due to the highly innovative nature of the sector, it also contains plenty of newer, growth-oriented companies.

View a complete list of financial ETFs on our sister site ETF Database here. ETFs such as the Vanguard Industrials ETF​ offer traders exposure across the sector. REITs can be traded as a means of gaining exposure to the Real Estate sector. Alternatively, traders and investors can select specialised ETFs such as the iShares Developed Markets Property Yield UCITS ETF or the Real Estate Select Sector SPDR Fund. The Communication Services sector was created by re-categorising some companies that had previously been IT or Consumer Discretionary and merging them with the pre-existing Telecommunications sector. Certain information contained in here has been obtained from third-party sources.

The category includes companies in the food, beverage, and tobacco industries, as well as household and personal care products. You’ll also find retail companies that specialize in selling staples, such as supermarkets, in this group. The consumer staples sector includes companies involved in food, beverage, and tobacco, as well as producers of household goods and personal products. Since these are goods and services that consumers need, regardless of their current financial condition, consumer staples is considered to be a defensive sector (i.e. recession-proof industries). If you’re a stock market investor and want to broadly diversify your portfolio, you’ll need to own stock in companies across many different parts of the economy. The economy can be broken down into sectors, which group stocks with similar business characteristics together.

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11 sectors of the stock market

Includes manufacturers and distributors of capital goods such as building products, electrical equipment and machinery, and aerospace and defense products. Includes providers of commercial services such as construction and engineering, printing, environmental services, human resource services, research and consulting services, and transportation services. Contains companies that provide content, such as information, advertising, entertainment, news, and social media, delivered on networks, primarily through internet, broadband, cellular, cable, and land lines. Following the sectors can help you see what’s hot and what’s not—today, over the past year, and over longer periods. As with all market data, sector information can’t predict the future.

These are industries that are relatively immune to economic cycles. In general, the stocks in these industries have a beta of less than 1. A sensitive super sector is a grouping of market sectors that include Communication Services, best js framework for net mvc developer Energy, Industrials and Information Technology. These are industries that rise and fall with the overall economy but to a lesser extent than cyclical industries. In general, the stocks in these industries have a beta close to 1.

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Diversification is an important part of any good investment strategy. When you diversify across different sectors and industries, you’re effectively spreading out risk. If one sector underperforms, for example, that could be balanced out by a sector that suddenly takes off.

  • A fund may target a specific sector, seek to diversify among sectors, or generally have sector variance that results from investing from a broad universe.
  • Sector investing can be a significant factor in influencing investments in the fund.
  • Make sure to check out of stock sectors lists page above for frequent updates.

As we move down the hierarchical pyramid, the characteristics of the companies within the groupings become tighter. In other words, two companies categorized within the same sub-industry share more economic characteristics versus two companies categorized in the same sector. Through the first quarter of 2020, the utilities sector experienced a 10-year growth rate of 86.97%. Through the first quarter of 2020, the materials sector experienced a 10-year growth rate of 38.41%. Through the first quarter of 2020, the information technology sector experienced a 10-year growth rate of 275.27%.

S&P sorts companies into sectors based on their primary business activity. The information technology sector covers companies involved in the different categories of technological innovation. Information technology also includes makers of semiconductors and the’’ equipment used to produce semiconductor chips.

How To Invest In Sectors of the Stock Market

The material sector consists of mining, refining, forestry, chemical, and other related companies focused on discovering and developing raw materials. As these companies are at the beginning of the supply chain, they are also vulnerable to changes in the business cycle. This article presents the what is xtb crypto and the various ETFs that can be used to gain exposure for them. Our Luxury Lifestyle share basket​ offers investors and traders exposure to companies specialising in Consumer Discretionary products. Alternatively, there are ETFs dedicated to the sector, such as the Consumer Discretionary Select Sector SPDR Fund​.

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